The influence of socialist realism doctrine on the illustrations of Polish satirical works from 1945–1956
With the introduction of socialist realism as the official creative method, satire was given new tasks. It was to become a weapon in the class struggle and facilitate the building of a new life in Poland. Illustrations for satirical texts also had to comply with the principles of the socialist realism doctrine. Illustrated editions and anthologies of political satire shows and satirical texts are particularly interesting. Graphics created in 1950–1953 followed the guidelines of the new ideology. They depicted the opposition of the socialist and capitalist worlds, where the former was idealised and the latter belittled. Later drawings often criticised the faults of the new system. Their authors ridiculed boring party meetings, propaganda language and everyday absurdity. Political changes that took place in Poland over that ten-year period were clearly reflected in the illustrations of satirical texts.